Rhel 6 Desktop Download

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How To Install CentOS 6

Step by step guide to on how to install CentOS 6 Linux (in this case 64 bit) from scratch on a new machine, the install type is minimal which is perfect for servers, no GUI will be installed and the installation will be as lean as possible. This is how I install all my Linux servers, this guide can also be used to install CentOS on desktop or laptops, you simply select a different option at the package selection stage.

Here is a video if you would rather watch than read.

First off visit https://centos.org and download the install ISO image(s) for your servers architecture (i686, x86_64 etc). I would recommend the torrent option of downloading the CD / DVD images this is by far the fastest way and torrents automatically md5 check the download images this prevents file corruption, which is common on large file downloads.

How to install CentOS 6 for Servers & Desktops

  • Set your computers BIOS to boot form CD / DVD
  • Insert the CentOS 6 CD or DVD
  • When presented with the following screen press enter on Install or upgrade an existing system.

You will now be presented with a CD Check, I normally pull my ISO’s down via bittorrent to reduce the risk of a corrupted image.

You will now see some black and white text on your screen as your computer loads the X11 environment for the CentOS install.

After 30 seconds or so you will be presented with the CentOS GUI installer, click next.

Select your Language, I would select English (English).

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Select your keyboard type

Storage type, I selected “Basic storage type” as I am installing on my local HD, if you are using iSCSI or similar technology now would be the time to set it up.

This is a clean install and the drive has never been formatted before so I got the following initialize drive warning, you might get the same if your drive (or virtual hard disk) is brand new.

Set the hostname, I named this server skywalker, normally I use galaxies, red dwarf characters, stars something geeky…

Set your timezone / location

Set your root password (make sure it’s secure) you might want to check out my tutorial on how to secure SSH.

You will now be set with a bunch of options for your disk partitioning, as this is a new fresh install I selected the top option “Use All Space” chose the relevant option for your setup and tick the review and modify partition layout.

You will now see your partition table laid out, now is the time to modify it if required. If this is a server I would suggest you create some different partitions for /home and /var. These are the two partitions that crash Linux servers, /home because users fill their home drives and causes the system to crash and /var because the log or ftp directories fill up and crash the server.

A Format warning will appear, click on Format (this will delete your data).

You will now see a warning about writing the changes to disk, “click on Write changes to disk”

Boot loader options, I left this as default you might want to set a boot loader password.

Package selection is important, for servers I always select minimal, this installs a minimal setup which is ideal for servers. If you are installing for a desktop you might want to chose one of the other options. I would only install what is required and keen the install as lean as possible reducing potential security holes.

CentOS 6 will now install (coffee time)

CentOS 6 has installed congrats.

Reboot and login as root

Update the system using “yum update”.

That’s it you’re done! Go forth and setup your services, Asterisk, LAMP, Samba etc.

Base Distribution

NOTE

CentOS is available free of charge. We do accept (non-financial) donations for improving, hosting and promoting CentOS. If CentOS is important to you, please support the long-term viability of the CentOS project.

Please use one of our many mirrors to download CentOS.

CentOS Linux Version

Minor release

CD and DVD ISO Images

Packages

Release Email

Release Notes

End-Of-Life

8-Stream

N/A

DVD and NetInstall images (including checksums) are available on mirrors

N/A

8

3 (2011)

DVD and NetInstall x86_64 images are available on mirrors (checksums).

31 December 2021**

7

8 (2003)

DVD, Minimal, Everything, LiveGNOME, LiveKDE and NetInstall x86_64 images are available on mirrors (checksums).

30 June 2024

sha256sum information via an https source is provided in the Release Email or Release Notes link above. You can also use the sha256sum.txt.asc file located in any CentOS directory with ISO or Cloud images. You should always verify your downloads before using.

Bittorrent links are also available from the above links.

Redhat

Rolling builds are updated monthly.

** https://blog.centos.org/2020/12/future-is-centos-stream/

AltArch Releases

The releases listed here are part of the Alternative Architecture Special Interest Group (AltArch SIG). More information is available HERE. You can also download the files from a nearby mirror.

CentOS Linux Version

Minor release

Arch

Images

Packages

Release Email

Release Notes

7

7 (2003)

aarch64

Everything (ISO), Minimal (ISO), NetInstall (ISO)

OS, Updates

7

7 (2003)

armhfp (Arm32)

Gnome image for Raspberrypi2/3, KDE image for RaspberryPi2/3 , Minimal image for RaspberryPi 2/3, Gnome Generic image, KDE Generic image, Minimal generic image

OS, Updates

7

7 (2003)

i386

Everything (ISO), Minimal (ISO), NetInstall (ISO)

OS, Updates

7

7 (2003)

ppc64le

Everything (ISO), Minimal (ISO), NetInstall (ISO)

OS, Updates

7

7 (1908)

ppc64

Everything (ISO), Minimal (ISO), NetInstall (ISO)

OS, Updates

7

7 (2003)

power9

Everything (ISO), Minimal (ISO), NetInstall (ISO)

OS, Updates

Cloud / Containers

Image Type

CentOS Linux Version

Arch

Images

Tree

Generic

7

x86_64

raw.tar.gz, qcow2, qcow2.xz, qcow2c

Generic

7

aarch64

Docker

All

x86_64

Official Base Containers, Application Containers

Amazon

All

x86_64 aarch64

Vagrant

7

x86_64

Vagrant

Atomic Host

x86_64

CentOS/atomic-host, atomic-host-aws

Vagrant

6

x86_64

CentOS Atomic Host

CentOS Atomic Host is a lean operating system designed to run Docker containers, built from standard CentOS 7 RPMs, and tracking the component versions included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux Atomic Host.

Download

Please see this for more info concerning Atomic on CentOS.

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Release Notes

All CentOS Linux release notes can be found here on the wiki.

You can get all the original Red Hat release notes for all versions at Red Hat's Documentation page.

Version Comparison

A comparison of the abilities and limitations of CentOS Linux can be found here on the wiki.

End-Of-Life

In general every release receives bugfixes, feature enhancements and new hardware support until 4 years after general availability, and security fixes until 7 years after general availability (beginning with CentOS Linux 5, this period has been extended from 4 to approx. 7 and from 7 to 10 years {assuming the upstream sources remain available for ten years})

For more information about the support life cycle of CentOS Linux, take a look at Red Hat's Errata Support Policy page.

Basically, if source is released publicly upstream, the CentOS Project will build and release updates for as long as possible. We have done this for all previous versions and will for all future versions.

Please note Red Hat's policy on Production Phase 3, which normally starts at the 7 year point. In that phase, only those security updates deemed crucial are released in this phase. It is recommended that you plan to upgrade before this point whenever possible.

New releases

New major and minor releases are available about 2 to 6 weeks after upstream (Red Hat) publishes the SRPMs (source packages) of their product. This time is needed to rebuild, validate, test (QA), translate and integrate new artwork. Please see The CentOS Rebuild and Release Process for further details. Although we understand that some of our users are excited about a new upcoming release, we ask you to be patient or help out in the release process.

The CentOS project does not offer any of the various approaches to extended life for an earlier point release which its upstream occasionally does for its subscribing clientèle. Once a new point release is issued (say: 6.3, following 6.2), no further source packages (from which updates can be built) are released for the earlier version and therefore CentOS is no longer able to produce security or other updates. After a transition interval of a few weeks, the old point version binaries are moved to the vault. There is a longer discussion at item 15 in the FAQ for more details.

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Variety of ISO images

Aside from the normal DVD and CD ISO images, the CentOS project occasionally releases special ISO images. Not all point releases get fresh spins of what is substantially unchanging content; if the latest and greatest refresh point spin does not have what you seek, you may wish to use the last version seen for a LiveCD or ServerCD, and as appropriate run updates in a post-install process:

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Rhel
  • LiveCD - Bootable CD image with a working environment directly from CD
  • ServerCD - Installable CD image with a limited package-set for server installations
  • netinstall - Minimal CD image to start network installations (<10M)

The netinstall iso will only work with the corresponding point release, eg one cannot use the netinstall from CentOS Linux 6.2 to install CentOS Linux 6.3.

Base Distribution

Archived Versions

CentOS Linux 7

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

7 (1908)

7.7

7 (1810)

7.6

7 (1804)

7.5

7 (1708)

7.4

7 (1611)

7.3

7 (1511)

7.2

7 (1503)

7.1

7 (1406)

7.0

CentOS Linux 6

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

6.10

6.10

6.9

6.9

6.8

6.8

6.7

6.7

6.6

6.6

6.5

6.5

6.4

6.4

6.3

6.3

6.2

6.2

6.1

6.1

6.0

6.0

CentOS Linux 5

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

5.11

5.11

5.10

5.10

5.9

5.9

5.8

5.8

5.7

5.7

5.6

5.6

5.5

5.5

5.4

5.4

5.3

5.3

5.2

5.2

5.1

5.1

5.0

5.0

CentOS Linux 4

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

4.9

4.9

4.8

4.8

4.7

4.7

4.6

4.6

4.5

4.5

4.4

4.4

4.3

4.3

4.2

4.2

4.1

4.1

4.0

4.0

CentOS Linux 3

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

3.9

3.9

3.8

3.8

3.7

3.7

3.6

3.6

3.5

3.5

3.4

3.4

3.3

3.3

3.1

3.1

CentOS Linux 2.1

Release

Based on RHEL Source (Version)

Archived Tree

2.1

2.1